The Complete Guide to Baby Quilt Sizes

The opportunity to select colors, themes, or fabrics with special significance to you turns handmade baby quilts into an invaluable present. Furthermore, there’s no better way to show your affection for a baby than by crafting a unique blanket just for them! If you’re curious about the size of the blanket, take a look at this guide for baby quilt sizes.

The most popular sizes are a newborn or baby quilt measuring 30″ X 40″ and a preemie quilt measuring 30″ X 30″. As the baby grows, the crib quilt size should be 36″ X 56″. Lap quilts or throws measuring 50″ x 65″ are also popular with babies and their parents.

In this article, I have provided several handy charts to help you plan the size of your baby quilt. I will also teach you about the four most common sizes and discuss how to make one and what materials to use.

Key Takeaways

  • Key quilt sizes and dimensions
    • Includes measurements for baby, crib/toddler, throw/lap, twin, full/double, queen, king, and California king quilts.
    • Provides pre-cut batting sizes that correspond to standard quilt measurements.
  • Brief history of quilting traditions
    • Highlights the development of patchwork quilting as an American art form.
    • Covers early quilting styles like medallion quilts.
    • Discusses the quilting heritage of Gee’s Bend and Depression-era quilts.
  • Practical tips for quilting
    • Recommends measuring the bed to determine ideal quilt dimensions.
    • Suggests allowing extra length for quilts to hang over the sides of the bed.
    • Advises on calculating fabric needs based on the desired finished size.
  • Visual guides and charts
    • Includes an infographic showing standard quilt sizes.
    • Features photos illustrating different quilting styles and historical examples.

Baby Quilt Size Chart

The Complete Guide to Baby Quilt Sizes

Use this chart to see how many inches and centimeters your baby quilt will measure at a glance.

Please keep in mind that these sizes may vary slightly. Each quilt style has slightly larger or smaller measurements than the standard. The chart shows the most popular measurements.

Type of QuiltQuilt Size in InchesQuilt Size in Centimeters
Newborn or Preemie30” X 30”76.2 X 76.2
Newborn or Preemie30” X 40”76.2 X 101.6
Crib or Cot36” X 52”91.44 X 132.08
Toddler (small)36” X 52”91.44 X 132.08
Toddler (larger)70” X 90”177.8 X 228.6
Lap Throw46” X 60”116. 84 X 152.4

Four Standard Baby Quilt Sizes

Preemie quilts, crib quilts, toddler quilts, and lap quilts are the four most popular baby quilt sizes. The size of your handmade quilt is pretty much up to you! Standard sizes are easier to cut out and plan because many resources are available to help you.

Choose a quilt size appropriate for the baby’s age when choosing the right one. In a newborn quilt, for example, there are usually small squares, while a toddler quilt has a much larger rectangle.

Preemie and Newborn Quilt

Generally, a 30″ square baby quilt is the most popular size for preemies or newborns. This will, however, vary from country to country. Preemies may benefit from quilts as small as 22″ square. In contrast, others may prefer 30″ x 30″ blankets because of the extra room they provide.

A 30″ square is also a great gift idea for newborns and will make a great hospital quilt or car seat cover for brand-new parents. Despite its compact size, this stroller is easy to maneuver while carrying all the “baby paraphernalia” that goes with it, including diaper bags and strollers.

The great thing about this small, square baby quilt is that its backing can be made from a solid piece of fabric rather than pieced together as for a larger quilt. Blocking a square quilt is also simplified!

Nevertheless, 30″ X 40″ rectangles are also popular for newborn quilts. With this slightly larger measurement, you can create your unique quilting pattern on a bigger canvas!

Crib or Cot Quilt

A standard-sized mattress usually comes with a baby crib or cot, so a standard-sized quilt should fit the mattress 36″ X 52″. Since quilts of this size are much larger than newborn blankets, they will likely stay with a baby for much of the baby’s early childhood!

However, it is recommended that infants not sleep with heavy blankets or quilts. They are intended to be decorative items in a crib until the baby is six months old.

On the other hand, this big crib-size quilt will remain cozy for years after a baby outgrows the newborn-size 30″ square quilt. Parents can use these quilts as floor mats or lap throws.

Toddler Quilt

A toddler quilt is commonly 46 inches by 70 inches in size and fits a standard-sized toddler bed. It is also common to see toddler quilts made either in the standard crib quilt size of 36″ X 52″ or even in rectangles as big as 70″ X 90″, depending on the size of the toddler’s bed.

A toddler is usually between two and four or five years old. If you want to give the new baby a gift they can cherish for a long time, you may want to consider making a toddler quilt.

This larger blanket will require more fabric, so keep that in mind. To make the average toddler blanket, you will need about 1 23 yards of fabric for the face of the quilt and batting and material for the back.

Lap Quilt

You will see a lot of variation in lap quilts in terms of sizing, but 46″ X 60″ is the most popular. In this case, there is no need to cover a mattress of a standard size with this quilt. It is a great way for parents to snuggle up with their new baby instead!

Lap quilts have only one rule: they should be large enough to generously cover the adult and child. Generally, you can find free quilt-blocking designs and patterns online using a standard size, like 46″ X 60″.

36″ X 48″ and 36″ X 36″ squares are standard lap quilt sizes. In addition to making a beautiful floor mat, 36-inch square baby quilts are also great for use as play areas!

Lap quilts can be made simply if you want to stitch them up quickly, but they can also be made with intricate, artistic designs. Since they are not seen as often as crib or newborn quilts, you can more easily invest a lot of time making beautiful blankets.

What is the Best Size Square for a Baby Quilt?

Generally, four or five-inch squares are best for baby quilts, but this depends on the overall size of the quilt. If you choose a quilt size, you should be able to easily divide the squares into the total area!

The 6″ square and 12″ square are also popular quilt square sizes. In addition, a few popular baby quilt patterns use 10″ squares. What is the best way to know how many squares you need for your quilt?

You can easily determine the number of squares your quilt needs by multiplying the length of each side by the width. This will give you the quilt’s total area in inches.

The next step is to determine the size of your quilt square. The area of a five-inch square can be calculated by multiplying five by five.

To calculate the total area of the quilt, divide the area of each square by the total area of the quilt. If you want to make a quilt with 5″ squares that are 30″ X 30″, you would do the math as follows:

  • 30 X 30 = 900
  • 5 X 5 = 25
  • 900 ÷ 25 = 36

The number of squares needed to make a 30-inch quilt would be 36 five-inch squares!

There are also free online quilt calculators, such as this one, if all that math seems overwhelming. The calculation for your quilt squares can even be adjusted to include a seam allowance.

Here’s another handy chart you might find useful!

Quilt SizeSquare SizeNumber of Squares
30” X 30”4”49
30” X 30”5”36
30” X 40”4”70
30” X 40”5”48
36” X 52”6”48
36” X 52”12”12-13
46” X 60”5”108
46” X 60”12”15

Many quilters use four- and five-inch squares for their quilts because they are easy to work with. Due to the popularity of these quilt square sizes, you can easily find suggested quilt patterns and designs online.

It is also popular to use twelve-inch squares for baby quilts, particularly since you will only need a few!

How Many Fat Quarters Are Needed For A Baby Quilt?

It depends entirely on the size of the finished quilt and how many fat quarters you will need to make it. For example, more fabric will be needed for a large lap throw baby quilt than for a small newborn quilt!

Fat quarters are 18″ by 21″ squares of fabric. Although they may look the same size as a quarter yard, a fat quarter is cut out with more length than if you folded a yard of fabric into quarters.

Fat quarter bundles with matching colors or fun themes, such as cats or teddy bears, are often available at fabric stores.

If you use one, you will probably be able to find out how many fat quarters you need in a quilting pattern. If you design it yourself, calculate how much fabric you’ll need for your pattern.

The fat quarter can be divided into twenty 4” squares, twelve 5” squares, and nine 6” squares. Knowing how many squares your quilt will include will help you easily determine how many fat quarters to use!

A baby quilt should also include multiple colors and patterns when choosing fat quarters. To obtain those additional colors and patterns, you may need to purchase more fabric than the exact area of the quilt’s surface.

How Many 5X5 Squares Do You Need for a Baby Quilt?

Depending on the size of the quilt, you’ll need a certain number of 5″ squares. Here is a quick chart you can use to determine how many 5″ squares you need for each baby quilt size:

Quilt SizeNumber of Five-Inch Squares
30” X 30”36
30” X 40”48
46” X 60”108
70” X 90”252

Baby Quilt Batting Sizes

Ideally, your batting should measure six to eight inches above your quilt’s surface. A baby quilt’s batting size is determined by its size.

A good quilt batting should be able to cover the entire shape of the quilt without any problems. In contrast to full-sized quilts, baby quilts are usually quite small, so one-piece batting is often easy to find!

So, what exactly is batting? Quilt batting provides extra warmth between the fancy quilt surface and the plain backing. In this case, the stuffing is rolled up rather than in a big cloud like in a pillow.

Quilt batting is available in varying thicknesses, called lofts. High-loft batting is usually not necessary for baby quilts. If you want to buy batting, look for a low loft. You will also be able to sew the quilt more smoothly this way!

There are many types of batting available. Parents may prefer cotton batting over synthetic polyester batting due to its natural properties and breathability.

Your quilt’s batting should also be slightly bigger than its surface area. Your “quilt sandwich” is sealed with the batting in the middle and can be bound with a pretty binding!

Ultimately, you must measure the batting you will use for your baby quilt based on its size. You should use batting that measures at least 36″ X 36″ for a newborn quilt that measures 30″ X 30″.

How Should You Choose Fabric for a Baby Quilt?

Cotton flannel, organic quilting cotton, and quilting cotton are the most common fabrics used in baby quilts. Many quilters prefer using organic cotton, which has the same benefits as quilting cotton but contains no chemicals or pesticides and is safe for baby’s sensitive skin.

What makes cotton the best material for baby quilts? Cotton can be washed in a washing machine without destroying it. You should use a washable fabric since babies tend to make a lot of mess!

Additionally, cotton has excellent breathability and absorbs moisture quickly. A baby can stay warm without feeling stifled or clingy wearing it.

Cotton is also very durable. If you want extra-soft cotton fabric for your quilt, it may even be a good idea to use cotton flannel. You can find kid-friendly prints and colors in this type of material in many fabric stores.

There may be a temptation to purchase the cheaper synthetic quilting fabrics on the market. However, synthetic fabrics such as polyester may cause allergic reactions in some babies. Therefore, your handmade baby blanket should be made of an all-natural fabric like cotton.

The Ultimate Guide To Quilt Sizes FAQs

What are the standard quilt sizes for different bed types?

Standard quilt sizes vary based on the bed type. For instance, crib quilts are typically 36″ x 52″, twin quilts are 70″ x 90″, queen quilts measure 90″ x 108″, and king quilts are around 110″ x 108″. Remember that these dimensions can vary slightly based on personal preference and design.

How much overhang should I account for when making a quilt for a bed?

When crafting a quilt for a bed, it’s advisable to add extra length to hang off the edges of the mattress. This overhang can vary, but a general rule is to add 4″ to 8″ on each side. Measuring the bed first to determine the desired overhang is always a good idea.

What considerations should I make for batting and backing sizes?

The size of batting and backing depends on the quilting technique. If you plan to quilt it yourself, ensure a couple of extra inches on each side for both batting and backing. For professional longarm quilting, a standard requirement is about 4″ of overhang on each side. Double-check with your longarm quilter for specific requirements.

Can pre-cut batting be used for quilts, and how does it affect the size?

Pre-cut batting is available and can be used for quilts. However, it is essential to check whether the pre-cut sizes provide enough overhang for your project. Some quilters prefer buying more batting and cutting it down to the desired size, which offers more flexibility and ensures adequate coverage.

What is the historical significance of patchwork quilts in America?

Patchwork quilts hold a significant place in American history. They became popular as fabric became more affordable and widely available with the establishment of textile mills in the United States. American quilters played a significant role in popularizing patchwork quilts, which are known for their geometric patterns and block designs. These quilts reflect America’s quilting heritage and offer insights into the country’s historical and cultural fabric.

Are there different styles of quilts based on cultural or historical periods?

Yes, quilts have evolved, reflecting various cultural and historical influences. For example, medallion-style quilts were popular in the late 18th century, while the Great Depression saw a rise in bright, cheerful quilts despite the period’s hardships. For instance, the quilting of Gee’s Bend showcases unique designs from an African American community in Alabama, highlighting how quilting styles can represent different communities and historical periods.


The standard baby quilt size ranges from newborns, preemies, toddlers, lap throws, and baby cribs. Despite some variations among these standard baby quilts, using the most common measurements will make it easier to plan your handmade quilt. A newborn quilt is typically 30″ x 30″, a crib quilt is usually 36″ x 52″, a toddler quilt can typically measure 70″ x 90″, and a lap throw quilt is typically 46″ x 60″.

In addition, you will need to find a piece of batting that is about 60 to 8 inches larger than the quilt’s surface. This will provide the blanket with a layer of insulating warmth.

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