What Is Chiffon Fabric And How Do You Sew It?
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What Is Chiffon Fabric And How Do You Sew It?

Recently updated on March 2nd, 2023

What is chiffon fabric? This fabric is floaty, translucent, and often shimmering, a favorite for gowns and wraps. You’ll never forget it once you’ve seen it.

It is not the fiber content nor even the weave of Chiffon that makes it unique. Threads themselves make a difference. Two types of high-twist yarn are used to weave chiffon fabric. As a result, we have a lightweight, sheer fabric with some stretch and a slightly rough texture.

We at SewingWithEase aim to answer your questions correctly, so stay with us.

Where Does Chiffon Come From?

The first chiffon fabric was made in Europe during the 17th century. For the past 200 years, silk has been used to make it.

In 1938, nylon was invented, making nylon chiffon more affordable. After that, polyester became a more robust, cost-effective material for making Chiffon twenty years later, in 1958.

Silk, cotton, polyester, nylon, rayon, and nylon are synthetic and natural fibers used to make Chiffon.

What Is Chiffon Made Of?

Fabrics such as Chiffon are woven. An interlaced mesh is formed by weaving strands of yarn together.

Plain weave is used to make Chiffon. Chiffon differs from other fabrics because of the way its threads are woven. Weft threads are passed over warp threads and then under each other in an alternating pattern. Weaving is most commonly done in plain weave. Plain weave is used to create a wide variety of fabrics.

There are two types of twists used in Chiffon: S-twists and Z-twists. Threads twisted anticlockwise, like the letter S, are called S-twists. As the letter Z would, Z-twist yarns have a clockwise twist.

The different twist directions in the fabric create chiffon’s characteristic rough texture.

It is the same thickness and weight of the threads regardless of how they twist in different directions. As a result, the fabric is strong and does not unravel quickly. In addition to being sheer and light, it is also breathable. This fabric creates a beautiful drape.

How is Chiffon used? What type of fabric is it?

Typically, Chiffon is used in garments, especially women’s clothing. Among the most common uses are:

  • Nightgowns
  • Blouses
  • Sarees, dupattas, hijabs
  • Lingerie
  • Ribbons
  • Evening wear
  • Scarves
  • Wedding dresses

Chiffon drapes elegantly and adds a touch of sophistication to garments. Designers might use chiffon overlays to enhance the volume or dimension of fabric beneath dresses and wedding dresses.

Shimmer and sparkle can also be found in some kinds of Chiffon. This can also be seen in accessories like scarves and wraps, which serve functional and decorative purposes.

Chiffon is a Bollywood favorite because of its dramatic appearance and ability to hold brightly colored dyes. A sari, a dupatta, or a hijab is often made of Chiffon. The fabric drapes smoothly, holds dye well, and is comfortable to wear in warm weather.

Summer-weight blouses and clothing are made from this material because they are feather-light. Due to its sheer quality, it’s a popular material for lingerie like peignoirs and nightgowns.

In addition to sheer curtains and decorative upholstery, Chiffon is also used in home decor.

How Does Chiffon Fabric Feel?

How Does Chiffon Fabric Feel?

The following characteristics are common to all chiffon fabrics, regardless of their fiber composition.


In terms of weight, Chiffon is exceptionally light. The fabric is ideal for summer and hot climates due to its lightweight and breathability.


You can see through the chiffon fabric because it is a fine mesh. The reason it’s used as an outer layer in garments is because it complements and enhances the fabric underneath.


The fiber content and the alternating S and Z twists of the individual threads are responsible for this. The degree of shimmer will vary depending on the type of fiber used. For instance, silk chiffon has a very shimmery appearance.


Chiffon has a gentle stretch because it is woven in different directions. Depending on their fiber content, certain chiffon fabrics may be more or less stretchy.


Chiffon wrinkles because they combined S-twists and Z-twists. You can feel the slightly rough texture as a result.


No doubt, Chiffon holds color exceptionally well, regardless of its type.


Decorative scarves, curtains, and home furnishings made of Chiffon are elegant and drape beautifully.


This piece’s sheerness, lightness, and flowing nature might make you consider it highly delicate. You would be wrong. Chiffon is surprisingly robust due to its tight weave. Additionally, it is resistant to unraveling.

What Are The Pros And Cons Of Chiffon?

Sewing chiffon can be tricky, well…to say the least. Certain types of projects benefit significantly from Chiffon’s dramatic, elegant nature. There are, however, some fabrics that are better suited for particular uses than others.

Chiffon Advantages

  • Lightweight and airy, Chiffon has an excellent weave that provides excellent airflow. As a result, it is ideal for use during the summer.
  • Chiffon fabric is exquisite and beautiful because of its shimmer and drape. Whatever you’re trying to make can be infused with an otherworldly quality.
  • In addition to being strong, Chiffon is also very lightweight.
  • Costumes, evening wear, and certain kinds of housewares benefit from the dye-holding properties of Chiffon.
  • There are also inexpensive types of Chiffon, such as polyester and nylon chiffons.

Chiffon Disadvantages

Working with Chiffon can be challenging.

  • The first problem is that it doesn’t hold its shape well. Cut-out pattern pieces can be easily deformed during handling and sewing if not appropriately handled. Getting around this problem with fabric stabilizers is impossible if you want to retain Chiffon’s unique drape and translucence.
  • Even though Chiffon resists unraveling, it snags easily.
  • Additionally, it is very slippery, which can make sewing difficult.

What Is The Best Way to Sew Chiffon?

What is the ease of sewing chiffon? Even though it can be tricky, if you know the tricks, it may not be as difficult as you think.

  1. Choose the right project—Flowing and draping are the perfect applications for Chiffon. These qualities, however, make it unsuitable for garments with close-fitting structures. You can solve half your problems immediately by deciding the right Chiffon project.
  2. Enhance stability—Stabilizing your Chiffon will ensure it keeps its shape during cutting and sewing. This is crucial to the quality of your final product.
  3. Make sure your fabric can be washed before you begin—In this case, you can use spray starch or liquid fabric stabilizer when cutting out your pattern pieces and sewing them together to ensure your Chiffon holds its shape. The back of your Chiffon can be protected with tissue paper if it isn’t washable. The back of your Chiffon can also be pinned with tissue paper before sewing. The tissue paper should be gently torn away after you finish sewing.
  4. Scissors or rotary cutters with sharp blades – It is always better to cut with sharp scissors. It is essential to use a sharp blade when cutting Chiffon.
  5. Sharp microtex needle is a very fine, extremely sharp needle with a skinny diameter. Microfibers and coated fibers are specifically designed to be used with them. It’s important to keep plenty of microtex needles on hand because they’re so sharp.
  6. French seams—A French seam covers the rough edges of the fabric with a double seam. When working with Chiffon, you’ll want to cover your edges for several reasons. It will prevent them from fraying in the first place. Rough fabric edges can also ruin the smooth, elegant appearance of Chiffon because it is transparent.
  7. You can use tissue paper to stabilize your French seam (if necessary) by pinning your fabric together, right sides facing one another. A one-quarter-inch seam allowance should be used when sewing the fabric together. Once that is done, trim your seam edges to one-eighth inch.
  8. Iron your seam flat by turning your fabric right side up and using a low synthetic setting on your iron.
  9. Make sure the wrong side is facing out as you pin your seam. It is recommended that rough edges be concealed within the seam.
  10. Your second seam should be sewn with an allowance of three-eighths of an inch.

How To Hem Chiffon?

Whenever you hem Chiffon, you should also cover the raw edges. You could, however, end up with a curled, uneven, sloppy-looking edge if you don’t do it correctly. You can do it right by following these steps.

  • Start by setting your iron to a low synthetic setting. Fold the paper in half and iron it.
  • With a seam allowance of a one-eighth inch, sew along the folded edge. Feed dogs can sometimes get caught in Chiffon because of its lightweight. Your sewing machine will not eat your fabric if you place a piece of tissue paper between the fabric and the feed dogs. Trim the raw edge after you’ve finished your line.
  • Press the seam again after folding it over. Continue sewing with an eighth-inch allowance for a second seam.

Taking Care of Chiffon

It depends on the fiber content of Chiffon and how to care for it. There are some types of Chiffon that can only be dry cleaned, such as silk chiffon. There are also types that can be washed. Before washing or ironing a garment, always read the care instructions. Make sure you read the care instructions before you begin working with any fabric.

How To Wash Chiffon?

Dry cleaning is generally recommended for chiffon fabrics, even if the manufacturer does not specify it. Hand-washing your Chiffon is always safer unless the instructions specify that you should machine wash it.

  • Washable Chiffon should be hand washed in cool water at 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4.4 degrees Celsius).
  • If your fabric smells bad, soak it for 30 minutes in vinegar mixed with water to remove odors.
  • Add a capful of delicate fabric cleanser to your sink or basin after you have emptied it. Rinse it with cool water after another half hour of soaking.
  • Scrub gently with a toothbrush after applying baking soda to remove stains.
  • Make sure your fabric is dry by gently squeezing it. Next, lay out a clean towel on top of the fabric. The towel with the fabric inside should be rolled up and squeezed again.
  • To dry your garment, lay it flat or hang it up.

How To Machine Wash Chiffon?

You can wash your fabric in a washing machine if the care instructions say to use cold water and the gentlest cycle. You should wash your Chiffon in a mesh bag with a detergent designed for delicate fabrics.

Chiffon should be dried flat or hung to dry. The air-dry setting on your machine is also an option.

How to Get Wrinkles Out of Chiffon?

In order to remove wrinkles from Chiffon, there are two main methods:

  1. You can start by steaming out the wrinkles. If you’re already in the shower, steam the garment or lay towels on the bathroom floor, open the shower curtain, and hang the garment up. After applying steam for 15 minutes, the wrinkles should be removed.
  2. Chiffon can also be ironed to remove wrinkles. The first thing you need to do is set your iron to the chiffon setting. In the absence of a cool setting on your iron, use a relaxed environment for synthetics. The fabric should be covered with a slightly damp cloth. Keeping your fabric moist will prevent it from drying out. Start in the center and work your way outwards in smooth vertical strokes.


The fabric of Chiffon is a contradiction in itself. The material is delicate yet strong at the same time. In addition to its many uses, it also has some specific ones. Sewing can be tricky, but knowing what you’re doing is not hard.

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